Hikers will appreciate the variety of trails, waterfalls, rivers, streams and limestone caves in the island’s northern mountain range as well as the wetlands of Central Trinidad and wildlife-rich southern mountain range – both of which are great for exploring.
With tropical savannah, rainforest, woodlands and mangrove swamp, Trinidad is a paradise for lovers of diverse bird life. More than 430 bird species, from the elusive Speckled Tanager to the spectacular Scarlet Ibis, can be spotted on the island.
From March-August, the beaches along Trinidad's northeast coast are transformed as hundreds of marine turtles clamber to nest each night. Five species of turtle nest in Trinidad - Leatherback, Loggerhead, Green, Hawksbill and Olive Ridley. The leatherback turtle is the most visually dramatic of the turtles that nest in Trinidad, with adults varying in size from 600 to 2,000 pounds.
Every cyclist can find an ideal path for biking in Trinidad. With terrain ranging from flat land to rolling inclines and hillsides, the island’s network of old oilfield roads and hiking paths provide a range of surfaces and environments for cycling. Country roads with little traffic are perfect for those who prefer a paved surface. Natural vistas and undulating land will inspire the cross-country rider. And mountain bikers can find forest trails with fallen logs, bamboo and streams to provide a challenge.
Enjoy a relaxing kayaking experience in Trinidad – perfect for those who do not want to contend with large waves, ocean swells and unpredictable sea currents. Chaguaramas on the western peninsula and Godineau River in south Trinidad are popular kayaking sites.
Explore the fascinating cave systems of Trinidad. In the Northern Mountain Range lies the Aripo Caves, Trinidad's largest accessible cave system and home to a colony of nocturnal oilbirds. In Central Trinidad, the Tamana Caves, a complex boasting a wide 30-foot entrance and 11 species of bats, and the Cumaca Caves provides exciting opportunities for hikers. Off the western peninsula, on the island of Gaspar Grande, a network of underground caverns called the Gasparee Caves provide a wealth of geological formations including stalactites, flow stones and fringed curtains.